Medial Collateral Ligament Tear

The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is a crucial knee ligament located on the inner side, connecting the medial femoral condyle and the medial tibial condyle. This flat band of tough fibrous connective tissue, composed of resilient collagen molecules, is among the four major knee ligaments dedicated to stabilizing the knee joint.

The primary role of the MCL is to resist valgus force, which occurs when the tibia/foot is forced outward in relation to the knee. Injury to the MCL transpires when the valgus force surpasses the ligament’s capacity to resist, leading to overstretching. Such incidents may unfold during sharp changes in direction, twisting the knee with a fixed foot, incorrect landings from jumps, or blunt force hits to the knee, as seen in football tackles. 

Typically, these incidents occur at high speeds, and predisposing factors like muscle weakness or incoordination increase the likelihood of ligament sprains or tears. The severity and symptoms of a knee ligament sprain hinge on the extent of stretching or tearing. In a mild Grade I MCL sprain, the ligament experiences a slight stretch without tearing. Although the knee joint may not exhibit significant pain or swelling, a mild sprain heightens the risk of recurring injuries.

Moving to a moderate Grade II MCL sprain, the ligament partially tears, leading to knee swelling and bruising. Using the knee becomes painful and challenging, accompanied by potential instability or a feeling of the knee giving way.

A severe Grade III MCL sprain involves a complete tear of the ligament, causing swelling and potential bleeding under the skin. The joint becomes unstable, making weight-bearing difficult, and a sense of the knee giving way is common. Interestingly, severe pain may not persist after a Grade III tear, as all pain fibers are torn during the initial injury.

Medial Collateral Ligament Treatment

Treatment for an MCL injury varies based on its severity and potential combination with other injuries. The Regenerative Therapy Centre offers a range of treatment options tailored to individual needs. Whether you are dealing with a mild or severe MCL injury, our team is ready to discuss appropriate interventions to promote healing and recovery.

To explore these treatment options and find the most suitable approach for your situation, click on the “Get in Touch” button. Our friendly and responsive team is eager to assist you on the path to recovery from medial collateral ligament injuries.

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